[1] 霍雅勒.化石能源的环境影响及其政策选择[J]. 中国能源,2000,23(5):1721.
[2] 江泽民.对中国能源问题的思考[J].上海交通大学学报,2008,42(3):345359.
[3] World Wind Energy Association.World Wind Energy Report 2010[EB/OL]. [20110408].http://www.wwindea.org/home/images/stories/pdfs/
worldwindenergyreport2010_c.pdf.
[4] 李俊峰.2012中国风电发展报告[R].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2013.
[5] Parsons B,Milligan M,Zavadil B.Grid impacts of wind power: a summary of recent studies in the United States [J]. Wind Energy,2004,7(2):87108.
[6] Banakar H,Luo C L,Ooi B T.Impacts of wind power minute-to-minute variations on power system operation [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2008,23(1):150160.
[7] Luo C L,Far H G,Banakar H.Estimation of wind penetration as limited by frequency deviation [J].IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion,2007, 22(3):783791.
[8] Luo C L,Far H G,Banakar H. Strategies to smooth wind power fluctuations of wind turbine generator [J].IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion,2007, 22(2):341349.
[9] Lin J,Li G J,Sun Y Z.A dynamic model to evaluate the node frequency deviation caused by wind power fluctuation [C].Proceedings of International Conference on UHV Transmission.Beijing:2009.
[10] 林今, 孙元章,李国杰,黎雄.采用变速恒频机组的风电场有功功率波动对系统节点频率影响的动态评估模型[J].电力系统自动化,2010,30(2):1418.
[11] Akhmatov V.Analysis of dynamic behaviour of electric power systems with large amount of wind power [D].Denmark:DTU.2003.
[12] Lalor G,Mullane A,O’Malley M. Frequency control and wind turbine technologies [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2005,20(4):19051913.
[13] Doherty R,Mullane A,Nolan G.An assessment of the impact of wind generation on system frequency control [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 2010,25(1):452460.
[14] Ruttledge L,Miller N W,O’Sullivan J,Flynn D.Frequency response of power systems with variable speed wind turbines [J].IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy,2012,4(3):683691.
[15] Ekanayake J,Jenkins N.Comparison of the response of doubly fed and fixed-speed induction generator wind turbines to changes in network frequency [J].IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion,2004, 19(4):800802.
[16] 关宏亮,迟永宁,王伟胜,等.双馈变速风电机组频率控制的仿真研究[J].电力系统自动化,2007,31(7):6165.
[17] Kayikci M,Milanovic' J V.Dynamic contribution of DFIG-based wind plants to system frequency disturbances [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2009,24(2):859867.
[18] Mauricio J M,Marano A,Gómez-Expósito A,et al.Frequency regulation contribution through variable-speed wind energy conversion systems [J] .IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2009, 24(1):173180.
[19] Almeida R G,Lopes J A.Participation of doubly fed induction wind generators in system frequency regulation [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2007,22(3):944950.
[20] Chang-Chien L R,Lin W T,Yin Y C.Enhancing frequency response control by DFIGs in the high wind penetrated power systems [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2011,26(2):710718.
[21] 张昭遂,孙元章,李国杰,等.超速与变桨协调的双馈风电机组频率控制[J].电力系统自动化,2011,35(17):2025.
[22] Morren J,Haan S W H,Kling W L,Ferreira J A.Wind turbines emulating inertia and supporting primary frequency control [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2006,21(1):433434.
[23] 曹军,王虹富,邱家驹.变速恒频双馈风电机组频率控制策略[J].电力系统自动化,2009,33(13):7882.
[24] 邹贤求,吴政球,陈波,等.变速恒频双馈风电机组频率控制策略的改进[J]. 电力系统及其自动化学报,2011,23(3):6368.
[25] Vidyanandan K V,Senroy N.Primary frequency regulation by deloaded wind turbines using variable droop [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2013, 28(2):837846.
[26] Wang Y,Delille G,Bayem H,et al.High wind power penetration in isolated power systems—assessment of wind inertial and primary frequency responses [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2013,28(3):24122420.
[27] Ullah N R,Thiringer T,Karlsson D.Temporary primary frequency control support by variable speed wind turbines—potential and applications [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2008,23(2):601612.
[28] Keung P K,Li P,Banakar H,Ooi B T.Kinetic energy of wind-turbine generators for system frequency support [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2009,24(1):279287.
[29] 何成明,王洪涛,孙华东,陈得志.变速风电机组调频特性分析及风电场时序协同控制策略[J].电力系统自动化,2013,37(9):16.
[30] Almeida R G,Castronuovo E D,Lopes J A.Optimum generation control in wind parks when carrying out system operator requests [J].IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,2006,21(2):718725.
[31] Chang-Chien L R,Yin Y C.Strategies for Operating Wind Power in a Similar Manner of Conventional Power Plant [J].IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion,2009,24(4):926934.