陈丽娜, 樊艳芳, 李广, 李锋, 赵东杰. 基于斯塔克尔伯格博弈的光伏制氢系统能量优化管理策略[J]. 现代电力, 2024, 41(3): 507-516. DOI: 10.19725/j.cnki.1007-2322.2022.0331
引用本文: 陈丽娜, 樊艳芳, 李广, 李锋, 赵东杰. 基于斯塔克尔伯格博弈的光伏制氢系统能量优化管理策略[J]. 现代电力, 2024, 41(3): 507-516. DOI: 10.19725/j.cnki.1007-2322.2022.0331
CHEN Lina, FAN Yanfang, LI Guang, LI Feng, ZHAO Dongjie. Energy Optimization Management Strategy of Photovoltaic Hydrogen Production System Based on Stackelberg Game[J]. Modern Electric Power, 2024, 41(3): 507-516. DOI: 10.19725/j.cnki.1007-2322.2022.0331
Citation: CHEN Lina, FAN Yanfang, LI Guang, LI Feng, ZHAO Dongjie. Energy Optimization Management Strategy of Photovoltaic Hydrogen Production System Based on Stackelberg Game[J]. Modern Electric Power, 2024, 41(3): 507-516. DOI: 10.19725/j.cnki.1007-2322.2022.0331

基于斯塔克尔伯格博弈的光伏制氢系统能量优化管理策略

Energy Optimization Management Strategy of Photovoltaic Hydrogen Production System Based on Stackelberg Game

  • 摘要: 针对由于氢能生产经济性低,难以满足日益增长的氢能需求问题,提出基于斯塔克尔伯格(Stackelberg)博弈机制的光伏制氢系统能量优化管理策略。首先,在博弈模型中,氢能生产商作为上层领导者,以净收益最大为目标制定与下层用户交易的氢能价格;用户作为下层跟随者,以最大消费者剩余为目标,并兼顾上层氢能生产商制定的售氢价格,对自身用能策略进行调整,并将所需负荷量反馈上层,两者进行博弈,最终达到博弈均衡。其次,在考虑氢能生产商收益和用户用氢需求的基础上,建立光伏制氢系统能量管理模式以优化制氢系统各个设备出力,达到提高氢能生产商的经济性和满足用户氢能需求的目的。最后,通过分析氢能生产商与用户的博弈目标及策略,从理论上证明了博弈存在唯一均衡解,并调用Cplex求解器对模型进行求解。结果表明,所提出的基于Stackelberg博弈能量的优化管理策略可有效提高系统的经济性和满足用户需求,达到了博弈双方双赢的效果。

     

    Abstract: In allusion to the problem that it is difficult to meet the growing demand for hydrogen energy due to the low economy of hydrogen energy production, an energy optimization management strategy model for a photovoltaic hydrogen production system based on the Stackelberg game mechanism was proposed. Firstly, in the game model, the hydrogen energy producer, as the upper leader, set the hydrogen energy price traded with the lower users with the goal of maximizing the net income; As the follower of the lower layer, the users adjusted their energy consumption strategy and fed the required load back to the upper layer with the goal of maximizing consumer surplus and taking into account the hydrogen selling price set by the hydrogen energy producer of the upper layer. The two sides play a game and finally reach the game equilibrium. Secondly, the energy management mode of the photovoltaic hydrogen production system was established to optimize the output of each piece of equipment of the hydrogen production system to achieve the goal of improving the economy of hydrogen energy manufacturers and meeting the hydrogen energy demand of users. Finally, by analyzing the game objectives and strategies of hydrogen producers and users, a unique equilibrium solution in the game being exist was proved theoretically, which the model was solved by calling the Cplex, The results show that the proposed game model can effectively improve the system economy and meet the needs of users, and achieve a win-win effect for both players.

     

/

返回文章
返回